Getting Pregnant in Your 30s: A Guide

Written by

Arva Health Team


A fig cut into half with a pearl ring in between
A fig cut into half with a pearl ring in between
A fig cut into half with a pearl ring in between

Is it Risky To Get Pregnant In Your 30s?

If you're in your 30s and considering expanding your family, you might be curious about the most effective paths to pregnancy.

We’re here to tell you: you're not alone!

Many women in their 30s are exploring parenthood while dealing with their career or personal priorities.

The decision to start a family at this stage might depend on whether you are in your early or late 30s. It can either be natural conception or advanced fertility treatments like IVF and egg freezing.

So, how does getting pregnant in your 30s really look like?

We delve into that, and more, with this blog post!

How does pregnancy in your 30s look like?

At this point, there’s no denying that fertility does begin to decline as you age, but the rate of decline varies. Here's a more detailed breakdown of what you can expect in each phase of your 30s:

  1. Early 30s (28-34): This is considered the peak window for fertility, especially when you are entering your 30s. You have a higher chance of natural conception (around 75% chance of conception within a year of trying). This is because your ovaries contain a healthy reserve of eggs, and your body produces optimal levels of hormones like estrogen and progesterone, which are crucial for ovulation, uterine lining development, and supporting a healthy pregnancy.

Additionally, your cervical mucus is generally more fertile, allowing sperm to travel more easily and survive longer.

  1. Mid 30s (35-38): At this stage, fertility starts to decline gradually. The natural conception rate drops to around 60% within a year.

The quality of your eggs begins to decrease rapidly, and hormone levels may fluctuate more than in your early 30s. However, many women in their mid-30s still conceive naturally with minimal intervention.

Early prenatal care becomes even more important during this time to ensure a healthy pregnancy.

  1. Late 30s (38-40): At this stage, fertility declines more significantly. The natural conception rate falls to around 40% within a year.

The quantity and quality of eggs continue to decrease, and hormone levels like FSH (Follicle-Stimulating Hormone) may rise.

While pregnancy is still possible naturally, some women may choose to explore assisted reproductive technologies (ART) to increase their chances of conception. Consulting a fertility specialist for personalized advice is recommended during this stage.

While these provide an overall perspective, it’s important to remember that these are general trends, and individual experiences can vary.

Some women may conceive naturally well into their late 30s, while others may face challenges earlier. Factors like overall health, lifestyle habits, and underlying medical conditions can also influence fertility.

Natural Conception vs. Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) in Your 30s

The good news is that there are still women in their 30s who conceive naturally. However, some women may face challenges due to various reasons:

  • Ovulation issues: Irregular or infrequent ovulation can make it difficult to conceive naturally. Underlying conditions like Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) can disrupt ovulation cycles.

  • Blocked fallopian tubes: If the fallopian tubes are blocked, the egg cannot travel to meet the sperm for fertilization. This can be caused by scar tissue from pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or past surgeries.

  • Endometriosis: This condition involves the tissue that normally lines the uterus growing outside the uterus. It can cause inflammation, pelvic pain, and affect fertility.

  • Male factor infertility: Low sperm count, poor sperm motility, or abnormal sperm morphology can all contribute to infertility challenges.

Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) can be helpful options for women in their 30s who are facing these or other fertility issues. They can also be an option for women who:

  • Are considering using donor sperm or eggs.

  • Have a partner with a genetic condition they want to avoid passing on to their child (preimplantation genetic testing can be used with IVF).

  • Have undergone cancer treatment that may have impacted fertility.

Fertility treatments for women in their 30s

Here's a more in-depth look at some common ART procedures that can benefit women in their 30s:

  1. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): This minimally invasive procedure involves placing lab-washed, concentrated amounts of sperm directly into the uterus around the time of ovulation, increasing the chances of fertilization by bringing the sperm closer to the egg. IUI can be helpful for women with:

    • Mild ovulation issues that can be stimulated with medication.

    • Unexplained infertility, where no clear cause has been identified.

    • Those using donor sperm.

    • Same-sex female couples using donor sperm.

  2. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): During IVF, mature eggs are retrieved from the ovaries using a transvaginal ultrasound-guided needle. The eggs are then fertilized with sperm in a laboratory dish. The resulting embryos are carefully monitored for development.

After a selected number of days (usually 3-5 days), one or two healthy embryos are chosen for transfer back into the woman's uterus. The success of IVF depends on various factors, including egg quality, your age, sperm quality, the number of embryos transferred, and the receptivity of the endometrium.

IVF offers a more advanced approach to conception and can be helpful for addressing various fertility challenges in women in their 30s, such as:

a. Blocked fallopian tubes: Since fertilization occurs in a laboratory dish, blocked fallopian tubes no longer pose a barrier.

b. Male factor infertility: Even with low sperm count or motility issues, IVF allows the use of techniques like ICSI (discussed below) to inject a single sperm directly into the egg.

c. Low egg quality: While IVF cannot improve egg quality itself, it allows for fertilization of multiple eggs, increasing the chances of a healthy embryo developing.

  1. Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): This is a variation of IVF treatment where a single healthy sperm is injected directly into the mature egg, bypassing the natural fertilization process.

ICSI can be particularly beneficial for couples with severe male factor infertility, where sperm quality is significantly compromised, or when using sperm with low motility.

Success rates of ART in your 30s

The success rates of ART procedures generally decline with age. However, women in their 30s still have a good chance of achieving pregnancy through these techniques. Here's a brief overview of success rates according to the Indian Society for Assisted Reproduction (ISAR):

  • IUI: Success rates for IUI vary depending on the underlying cause of infertility but typically range from 10-20% per cycle.

  • IVF: For women under 35, the success rate of IVF with their own eggs can be as high as 40-50% per cycle. This rate decreases with age, but for women in their early 30s, it can still be around 30-35%.

Can I get pregnant naturally over 40?

While pregnancy over 40 is possible, it becomes significantly less likely and carries higher risks. The chance of natural conception drops dramatically to around 5% or less per cycle.

Additionally, the risk of chromosomal abnormalities in the foetus increases with maternal age. This is because the quality of eggs naturally declines with age, and older eggs are more prone to chromosomal errors.

  • If you're over 40 and considering pregnancy, it's crucial to consult a qualified fertility specialist. They can assess your individual situation through comprehensive testing, discuss the risks and benefits of pregnancy at your age, and explore possible options, including:

  • ART techniques: IVF with preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) can be an option for some women over 40. PGT involves testing embryos for chromosomal abnormalities before implantation, increasing the chances of a healthy pregnancy.

  • Donor eggs: Using donor eggs from younger women can significantly improve the chances of successful pregnancy for women over 40.

  • Alternative family planning strategies: Adoption, fostering, or surrogacy may be considered depending on your individual circumstances and family planning goals.

Arva: Supporting your fertility and pregnancy journey

At Arva, we understand the importance of navigating your fertility journey with confidence and clarity. We offer a comprehensive range of resources and support for women in their 30s, including:

  • Fertility Testing: Our at-home fertility test provide a convenient way to assess your ovarian reserve and hormone levels, giving you valuable insights into your fertility potential.

  • Doctor Network: We connect you with experienced fertility specialists in your area who can guide you through personalized treatment plans based on your individual needs.

  • Educational Resources: Our website and informational resources provide you with reliable and up-to-date information on fertility treatments, pregnancy health, and family planning options.

Whether you're looking to conceive naturally, explore ART options, or simply want to understand your fertility health better, Arva is here to guide you.

We’re cheering you on, every step of the way!


1. Is 30 a good age to get pregnant?

Your 30s can be a wonderful window for pregnancy! While fertility does decline with age, many women in their 30s conceive naturally and have healthy pregnancies. Here's a breakdown:

  • Early 30s (25-32): This is considered the peak window for fertility due to a healthy egg reserve and optimal hormone levels.

  • Mid 30s (33-37): Fertility starts to decline gradually, but many women still conceive naturally.

  • Late 30s (38-40): Fertility declines more significantly, but pregnancy is still possible.

2. Is 35 too old to get pregnant?

No, 35 isn't too old to get pregnant. While the chance of natural conception decreases somewhat after 35, many women in their late 30s conceive naturally. However, if you've been trying for a year without success (or 6 months if you're over 35), consulting a doctor is recommended to explore all options.

3.  Is pregnancy harder on your body during your 30s?

Pregnancy itself is a demanding process for your body regardless of age. However, some women may experience a slight increase in certain pregnancy complications like gestational diabetes or high blood pressure as they age. Prenatal care becomes even more crucial during your 30s to ensure a healthy pregnancy for both you and your baby.

4. What are the risks of getting pregnant during your 30s?

The main risk associated with pregnancy in your 30s is a slight decline in natural conception rates compared to your 20s. However, there are still very good chances of conceiving naturally. Additionally, the risk of chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus increases slightly with maternal age. This is why prenatal testing becomes increasingly important as you get older.

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Fertility care, reimagined for India—on your timeline.

This site is for informational purposes only and not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you're looking for medical advice, we suggest talking with a qualified physician.

55, 4th A Main, 5th Block, Koramangala, Bangalore, 560095

© 2023 Arva Health

Fertility care, reimagined for India—on your timeline.

This site is for informational purposes only and not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you're looking for medical advice, we suggest talking with a qualified physician.

55, 4th A Main, 5th Block, Koramangala, Bangalore, 560095

© 2023 Arva Health

Fertility care, reimagined for India—on your timeline.

This site is for informational purposes only and not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you're looking for medical advice, we suggest talking with a qualified physician.

55, 4th A Main, 5th Block, Koramangala, Bangalore, 560095

© 2023 Arva Health